inflation in Nigeria 2019
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The Nigerian Customs Service ordered the closure of land borders on Monday the 14th of October 2019. The borders were closed in different geopolitical zones across the country, which include South-South, South-West, North-Central and North-West. The intent was to curb the insistent and unauthorized importation and exportation of goods across the Nigerian borders. However the decision by the Nigerian Customs seems to be doing more harm than good: higher inflation.

A spike in food prices saw the annual consumer-inflation rate rise to 11.2% in September, after falling to a 3 1/2-year low in the preceding month, the National Bureau of Statistics said on Tuesday. Food-price growth accelerated for the first time in four months, rising 1.3% from August.

In late August, Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari ordered the partial closing of its boundary with Benin to curb smuggling of rice, a staple. His administration further tightens the screws on Monday by banning trade across all land borders to force neighbours Benin and Niger to halt food smuggling into the continent’s most-populous nation.

“The key factor for prices has been the partial closure of the land border with our neighbours,” said Omotola Abimbola, an analyst with Chapel Hill Denham Securities Ltd. “We have stable fuel and energy prices, and we are in the harvest season. Inflation should be lower.”

With a population barely 5% of Nigeria’s, Benin has turned into the world’s No. 2 exporter of rice while Nigeria is expected to be the biggest buyer of the grain this year, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

“At some point, it has to be Nigeria first — we have to protect our own industries,” Finance Minister Zainab Ahmed said on Monday.

The policy has hurt food sellers in the capital, Abuja, who say Nigerians prefer imported food items because they’re more affordable. Prices of imported products such as rice, palm oil and frozen chicken have gone up by more than 50%, they say.

“I can already see this border closing affecting us terribly, especially with December around the corner,” said Grace Auta, 45, who sells goods at a food stand in the bustling Wuse market in Abuja. An increase in wholesale prices forced her to more than double the price of a 50-kilogram (110-pound) bag of rice.

“Already we are seeing a drop in sales; we don’t have enough money to take in products as we normally would,” said Auta.

Also reacting to the closure of the Nigerian borders, the Niger Republic has banned the exportation of rice to Nigeria The Nigerian customs have so far claimed that 1.4billion has been saved and 460 smugglers and illegal immigrants apprehended since the border closure. It seems however that the loss to the economy might be at a higher rate if the downsides of the closure are not contained

Source: NBS/Bloomberg

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